Senin, 08 Juni 2015



Softskill Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 2

Nama  : Mutiara Hikmah Hardiyanti
Kelas   : 3EB24
NPM   : 25212186


            Although it has a lot of info about the harmful effects of junk food or fast food, but fast food is still has many fans. Junkfood meals did come from western countries, but junk food restaurant turned out to be more prevalent in other regions such as Asia, particularly Indonesia. There have been many studies that show about the harmful effects of junk food. Neither the study of western and eastern countries, all of them proving that junk food gives more negative than positive effects.
            Fast food generally has a tempting flavors, and most often addictive after the first meal, especially children. Children usually like to imitate their friends who have eaten food like it. Junk food is generally low in nutrients, but high in calories, mostly from added sugar, starch or fat. Thus the adverse effects on health junkfood can already be predicted. Although the children love, should not be too much to give it to them.
            Junk Food in the language defined as junk food, junk food is a food that has nutritional value, vitamins, and fiber but low-sugar, salt, calories, fat and additives are high. Unlike the Food Fast food processing that is quick and fast, but still have sufficient nutritional value. Junk Food in addition to the presentation quickly, these foods only contain carbohydrates and fat. During this time there was a misunderstanding about the Fast Food. Apparently not all Fast Food bad for our bodies.
            According to Professor of the Institute of Agriculture (IPB) Prof. Dr. Ir. Hardinsyah MS., The notion of fast food is any food and drink that we can eat in a short time and a short (Hidayah 2012). According to him, Fast Food can be divided into three categories. The first, which has a bad impact because a lot of salt, fat, and sugar. Second, who do not have good or bad effects. Third, a good category consumed as a source of energy and health.
            Fast food type that is healthy for the body, according Hardinsyah include pecel or gado-gado. The traditional food including types of fast food. That's because the presentation is fast and very good to eat because it contains vegetables. Therefore, not all the Fast Food is bad for health.
            While Junk Food which includes Fast Food, the first category contains a lot of oil, fat (especially saturated fat and trans oils), has a salty taste as much salt and too much sugar sweet because, clearly an unhealthy diet if consumed excessively in the period long time. Foods that contain too much salt to be one of the factors that cause hypertension. Likewise, foods that contain excess sugar became one of the causes of obesity. And foods that contain excess fat to be a factor causing obesity and bad cholesterol (LDL) increases.

Here below are some foods that fall into the junk food that is:

            This food group high calorie content, fat content or oil and the high oxide. When consumed regularly can lead to obesity. Fliers apparently it can lead to coronary heart disease. In the process of frying many substances formed karsiogenik, which has been demonstrated tendency of cancer for those who eat fried food is much higher than that consume little or no fried foods.

Canned Food
            Either in the form of canned fruit or canned meat, nutritional content already much damaged, especially vitamin content was almost entirely destroyed. Protein content has undergone changes to its absorption properties slowed. Nutritional value is much reduced. Other canned foods are loaded with salt nitrite which can cause cancer also contain preservatives or dyes that burden of liver. In addition, many canned fruits and diasup high sugar levels in the body into liquid form so that absorption is very fast. In a short time can cause blood sugar levels to rise, aggravating the burden of the pancreas. in conjunction with the high calories may lead to obesity.

Salty snacks
            In the salting process takes significantly adding salt, which can lead to salt content of food is over the limit, adding to the burden on the kidneys. For those consuming pickled foods, the dangers of hypertension may occur. Moreover, the process is often added pengasiann ammonium nitrite which causes an increased danger of cancer of the nose and throat. High salt levels can damage the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines. For those who are continuously eating salty foods likely to be affected by inflammation of the stomach and intestines.

Food from fatty meat and offal
            Although containing protein, vitamins and minerals but in fatty meats and offal containing saturated fat and cholesterol that has been adjudged as the originator of heart disease. Reviewed offal meal in large quantities and for long periods can cause coronary heart disease and malignant tumors (colon cancer), breast and other cancers. Fat and beef offal containing moderately high cholesterol. Cholesterol content in beef fat is 1,250 mg / 100 g, whereas beef offal 3.800 mg / 100 g. Consumption of fatty meat and offal to excess in the long term, it is feared may increase blood cholesterol levels. Purine content of beef offal was also high, and if consumed in the long term can cause an increase in uric acid levels.

Meals Processed Meat (ham, sausage, etc.).
            The main components of sausages consists of meat, fat, and water. In addition, the sausage also added additional materials such as salt, phosphates, preservatives (usually nitrite / nitrate), colorants, ascorbic acid, protein isolates, and carbohydrates. In the group of food containing nitrite salt may cause cancer, also contain preservatives / dyes and others that burden of heart / liver. In ham and so on, high sodium levels, consuming large amounts can shake a blood pressure and kidney function burdensome. Can lead to colon cancer, cancer, tapeworm, heart disease, stroke when eaten frequently, because the fat and cholesterol levels were higher in the sausage.

Soda (Soft Drink)
            Consumption of fast food (junk food) and soft drinks (soft drinks) into one form of diet teenagers today. Soft drinks (soft drinks) to be one part of adolescent lifestyle big cities, because the presentation of attractive packaging. Kada soft drinks containing high sodium and simple sugars are too high. Consuming these beverages in excessive amounts can lead to various diseases such as kidney failure, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

Processed Cheese
            Cheese contains fat and high salt. Often consume processed cheese can cause weight gain of up to elevated blood sugar. Consuming cake / cheese cake spawn can lead to poor eating passion. Consumption of foods high in fat and high sugar often results in the emptying of the stomach. Many cases of occurrence hyperakiditas and burning.

Instant Noodles
            Meals is classified as foods high in salt, poor in vitamins and minerals. High salt content causes the weight of the kidneys, increases blood pressure and lipid containing trans, burden of coronary arteries. Noodles contain many additives, flavorings in the form of materials and preservatives. Additional ingredients that are already regulated their use, but we should still limit themselves to not consume to excess.

Baked goods / burned
            The food was burned, such as satay, grilled fish, sausages, meatballs, or ham. These foods can contain cancer-causing carcinogens. The process of burning food either with charcoal or other often accompanied by the formation of charcoal or charred. Hirst on dangerous food because it contains a lot of carbon atoms, which in large quantities can lead to cancer (carcinogenic).
            Many factors make the teens prefer to consume Fast Food (category Junk Food). Among other things busyness of parents, especially mothers who do not have time to prepare food at home so that teenagers prefer buyers outside food. Environmental, social and economic conditions also influence the consumption behavior of teenagers in Indonesia. In addition, the presentation of Fast Food is a fast and practically did not take long, it feels good, according to taste and often consume Fast Food can raise the social status of adolescents, raising the prestige and not outdated.
            Seeing the consumption behavior that occurs, people need to know the impact caused by the excessive consumption patterns of the Junk Food. Since the rise of Fast Food outlets in Indonesia, the prevalence of obesity is based on the National Health Survey (Surkesnas) each year is increasing. Results of a national survey conducted in 1996/1997 in the capital of all provinces in Indonesia showed that in the age group 18 years and over, overweight by. The more the value prevalence of obesity in Indonesia is increasing (SIH M 2010). (RAP)

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